In this article, you will know the top 5 most commonly used words in the yoga classroom. All non-yoga practitioners can get better awareness from these words.
This is the word all yoga teachers and yoga practitioners use very commonly. Mostly asana’s are called with Sanskrit names.
Asana means physical posture. In a short form posture also called pose. Example bow pose, tree posture, marjari asana.
Posture or pose or asana all has the same meaning. There are plenty of yoga asana’s are there in yoga from beginner to advanced level. No one defined the exact number of asana’s till now, its all-time debate topic. Asanas give ample of physical benefits.
Many non-yoga practitioners get confused with this word. The word pranayama divided into 2 words. Prana + ayama. “Prana” means life force. “Ayama” means expansion. So the word pranayama means expansion of life force.
But in simple words, pranayama means breathing exercise or breathing technique or breath control. Again end meaning for all of these words are same. You might wonder because pranayama also classified into different types.
Pranayama teaches us correct breathing habits. With various types of pranayama one can get control on breath, can correct poor breathing habits, can increase the oxygen intake. Non of any other exercise teaches about pranayama but yoga does.
Sanskrit word mudra means gesture or seal or mark. Mudhra’s are most commonly known as hand positions in pranayama ( breathing exercises ) and meditation.
In general mudra’s are performed alongside pranayama in seated poses such as padmasana ( lotus pose ), vajrasana ( thunderbolt pose ) or sukhasana ( easy pose ). Mudhra’s are symbolic gestures often practised with hands, fingers, postures.
Mudhra’s affects the flow of energy in the body. There are ample types of mudras. Each type has a specific effect on the body and mind. Although hasta ( hand) mudra’s are the most common in yoga.
Bandha means to lock the prana in particular body parts. Bandha’s are classified into 4 types.
- Mula bandha
- uddiyana bandha
- jalandhara bandha
- maha bandha
Practising the bandha involves concentrated muscular contractions. Performing this bandha’s will improving the focus and support physical health.
Last but not least…
This word you might hear very often. This is a common yoga greeting and local greeting as well. In very simple words namaste means “hello”.
Most yoga teachers say namaste at the end of the yoga class. Nameste means not only greeting another person but also giving proper respect. The correct response to namaste is saying back namaste to the other person.
In a general way also we use namaste to greet elders and older’s. When we say namaste to others we show respect towards them.
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Anjali vipula is an international certified yoga instructor with yoga alliance USA, she has been practising yoga for more than 8 years. She has done with her MBA. Anjali is also a certified, digital marketing manager and Trainer.